This section provides an overview of what sympy is, and why a developer might want to use it.
It should also mention any large subjects within sympy, and link out to the related topics. Since the Documentation for sympy is new, you may need to create initial versions of those related topics.
If you already have Anaconda or Miniconda installed, you can install the latest version with conda:
conda install sympy
Another way of installing SymPy is using pip:
pip install sympy
Note that this might require root privileges, so one might acually need
sudo pip install sympy
Most linux distributions also offer SymPy in their package repositories. For Fedora one would install SymPy with
sudo dnf install python-sympy sudo dnf install python3-sympy
The first one installs the python 2 version of the package, the latter python 3.
On OpenSuse the respective commands are:
sudo zypper install python-sympy sudo zypper install python3-sympy
The packages for OpenSuse 42.2 seem rather outdated, so one of the first methods should be prefered.
Alternate installation (not conda)
Alternate ways to install SymPy from conda. conda is the recommended way, but these are some alternate ways. Including: git, pip, etc.
Sympy is a Python library for doing symbolic — rather than numeric — calculations.
For instance, consider the quadratic equation in x,
x**2 + HELLO * x + WORLD = 0
where HELLO and WORLD are constants. What’s the solution of this equation?
In Python, using Sympy we can code,
from sympy import symbols, solve, latex x, HELLO, WORLD = symbols('x, HELLO, WORLD') print ( latex ( solve ( x**2 + HELLO * x + WORLD, x ) ) )
Since I made a call to Latex the solutions are almost ready for publication! Sympy provides the two of them packed in a list. Here’s one:
If you need to do more work on an expression then you would leave out the call to latex.
Integration and Differentiation
Sympy is made for symbolic math, so let’s have a look at some basic integration and differentiation.
from sympy import symbols, sqrt, exp, diff, integrate, pprint x, y = symbols('x y', real=True) pprint(diff(4*x**3+exp(3*x**2*y)+y**2,x)) pprint(diff(4*x**3+exp(3*x**2*y)+y**2,y)) pprint(integrate(exp(x*y**2)+sqrt(x)*y**2,x)) pprint(integrate(exp(x*y**2)+sqrt(x)*y**2,y))
First we import the necessary functions from sympy. Next we define our variables x and y. Note that these are considered complex by default, so we tell sympy that we want a simple example by making them real.
Next we differentiate some expression with respect to x and then y.
Finally we integrate some expression, again with respect to x and then y.
The call of
pprint ensures that our functions get written in some nice human readable style.